From SEN Wiki
- French neurologist Dr George Gilles de la Tourette first reported the syndrome in the medical literature in 1885. The symptoms of Tourette Syndrome (TS) are tics.
- Tics are repeated, chronic and involuntary movements and sounds. Someone with TS may be able to suppress them for a while but eventually they have to release the tics.
- The symptoms often decrease towards the end of adolescence.
- Coprolalia, the involuntary utterance of obscenities, affects only 10%-15% of people with TS.
- They usually appear in childhood between the age of 5 and 9.
- People with Tourette's syndrome might have both physical and vocal tics. Examples of physical tics:
- eye rolling
- shoulder shrugging
- jerking of the head or other limbs
- touching objects and other people
- Examples of vocal tics:
- throat clearing
- tongue clicking
- animal sounds
- saying random words and phrases
- repeating a sound, word or phrase
- Prevent teasing at all costs.
- Allow extra time to prevent stress.
- Provide time out when tics become disruptive.
- Have a discreet sign so the pupil can leave to release tics in private.
- Encourage the student to monitor him- or herself so (s)he knows when (s)he needs a break.
- Allow him or her to sit at the back to prevent staring.
- Be aware that reading can be affected by eye/neck tics.
- If loud, vocal tics are a problem, allow him or her to miss large, quiet times such as assembly.
- Make use of a computer to cut down on handwriting.
- Use multi-sensory strategies, especially practical activities.
- Pair with a mentor —especially if the tics would make an activity unsafe, such as a science experiment.
- Be watchful for depression.
- Do not punish a tic!