From SEN Wiki
- Females with Turner syndrome often have a wide range of symptoms and some distinctive characteristics. Almost all girls with Turner syndrome are shorter than average.
- At puberty, usually between 8 and 14 years, a girl with Turner syndrome will not have the normal growth spurt, even with female oestrogen hormone replacement (HRT).
- However, some have behavioural, social and specific learning difficulties.
- (Source: NHS Turner Syndrome page)
- About a third of girls with Turner syndrome have problems understanding social relationships because of the way their brain develops.
- This can make it difficult to sustain friendships and leads to relationship problems in later life, both at home and at work
Spatial awareness and numeracy
- Spatial awareness is the ability to understand where you are in relation to objects or other people.
- More than 8 out of 10 females with Turner syndrome have difficulty understanding spatial relationships. This may cause problems when learning to drive or following directions on a map.
- A similar number have some degree of difficulty learning or understanding maths. This is known as dyscalculia.
Attention and hyperactivity problems
- Typically, girls with Turner syndrome will go through a phase in childhood that involves:
- physical overactivity, such as constant fidgeting and restlessness
- acting impulsively, such as breaking rules or having no sense of danger
- having a short attention span and being easily distracted
- Attention and hyperactivity problems usually begin when the girl is a toddler but may not be a serious problem until the girl starts school at 4 or 5. Girls with Turner syndrome may have difficulty settling in class.
- Medicines used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may not be as effective in cases of Turner syndrome.
- The physical hyperactivity usually reduces around the time the girl starts secondary school at 11 years of age, although problems with inattention can last longer, into the teens.